Human Right Violations

Below are a list of Human Right Violations of the Nigerian Government in the Zaria Massacre

1. A crime of genocide according to Article II of the Convention on the Prevention and Combating the Crime of Genocide

The first paragraph of Article II of Convention for the Protection of Individuals against Forced Disappearance

2. The discriminatory treatment in dealing with minorities, a violation of Article III of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

3. Article II of Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which has condemned discriminations based on skin colour and religion, and

4. Various provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in respect to freedom and not restricting the followers of religion.

Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in the Philippines, Part IV, Article 4

The principles and standards of international humanitarian law shall likewise apply and protect the rights of persons, entities or objects involved or affected in any of the cases or situations cited hereunder.

6. Persons hors de combat and those who do not take a direct part in hostilities are entitled to respect for their lives, dignity, human rights, political convictions and their moral and physical integrity and shall be protected in all circumstances and treated humanely without any adverse distinction founded on race, color, faith, sex, birth, social standing or any other similar criteria.

(Refer to victims hiding in Hussainiyyah, Gyellesu and praying at Darul Rahma)

7. The wounded and the sick shall be collected and cared for by the party to the armed conflict which has them in its custody or responsibility.

(The Zaria wounded are dying and losing their limbs rotting in jail)

8. Neutral persons or entities and medical personnel, including persons of humanitarian and/or medical organizations like the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), shall be protected and respected. The establishments, facilities, transport and equipments of these persons, entities and organizations;
objects bearing the emblem of the red cross and the flag of peaceful intention; and historic monuments, cultural objects and places of worship shall likewise be protected.

(All places of worship were demolished by el-Rufai and his armed uniformed security forces)

9. Civilian population and civilians shall be treated as such and shall be distinguished from combatants and, together with their property, shall not be the object of attack. They shall likewise be protected against indiscriminate aerial bombardment, strafing, artillery fire, mortar fire, arson, bulldozing and other similar forms of destroying lives and property, from the use of explosives as well as the stockpiling near or in their midst, and the use of chemical and biological weapons.

(Bulldozing, bombing, burning and all what not was used on unarmed civilians in more than four distinct sites from the road block protest including grave sites and mother’s houses)

10. Civilians shall have the right to demand appropriate disciplinary actions against abuses arising from the failure of the Parties to the armed conflict to observe the principles and standards of international humanitarian law.

(Zakzaky and Zeenat are held incommunicado and 189 others are detained incommunicado since the attack. The rest IMN is denied right to recourse)

11. All persons deprived of their liberty for reasons related to the armed conflict shall be treated humanely, provided with adequate food and drinking water, and be afforded safeguards as regards to health and hygiene, and be confined in a secure place. Sufficient information shall be made available concerning persons who have been deprived of their liberty. On humanitarian or other reasonable grounds, such persons deprived of liberty shall be considered for safe release.

(Absolutely no information has been provided to victims. Some have been detained for months cut from the world and only Yesterday, four months later did the government admit the murder of 347 and that they had already been mass buried)

12. The ICRC and other humanitarian and/or medical entities shall be granted facilitation and assistance to enable them to care for the sick and the wounded and to undertake their humanitarian missions and activities.

(ICRC and other organisations have been denied access to victims including Sheikh Zakzaky and beautiful Zeenat)

13. Personnel and facilities of schools, the medical profession, religious institutions and places of worship, voluntary evacuation centers, programs and projects of relief and development shall not be the target of any attack. The persons of said entities shall be guaranteed their safety.

 (Hussainiyah was converted into a temporary medical relief center to cater to the injured who were surrounded and locked in before the massacre by the army. All the injured were killed within the temporary health center)

14. Every possible measure shall be taken, without delay, to search for and collect the wounded, sick and missing persons and to protect them from any ham and ill treatment, to ensure their adequate care and to search for the dead, prevent despoliation and mutilation and to dispose of them with respect.

Those Accused Include

Nigeria's Chief of Army, Lt. General Tukur Yusuf Buratai: Seen here with president Muhammadu Buhari
Nigeria’s Chief of Army, Lt. General Tukur Yusuf Buratai: Seen here with president Muhammadu Buhari also accused of being complicit
Image: Army chief Tukur Buratai implicated on left, General Officer Commanding the Nigerian Army 1st Division in Kaduna, Adeniyi Oyebade on right
Image: Army chief Tukur Buratai implicated in center, implicated General Officer Commanding the Nigerian Army 1st Division in Kaduna, Adeniyi Oyebade on left
Governor of Kaduna, Nasir el-Rufai
Governor of Kaduna, Nasir el-Rufai